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Installing Fink on Mac OS X
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By now Fink and FinkCommander are ready to use. But first, we need to change some settings in the FinkCommander preferences. In the Fink tab, check "Use unstable packages" and "Use unstable cryptography packages." Click on "OK." The Administrator's password is required. After indexing and rebuilding the package table, the number of packages shown by FinkCommander has been doubled. Besides the stable packages of Fink's default install, we can also install the "unstable" packages, which are not as unstable as the name seems to imply.

figure 4
Figure 4. Use unstable packages.

If you don't use FinkCommander, you can also make the necessary changes to use unstable packages in /sw/etc/fink.conf. Change the following line:

Trees: local/main stable/main stable/crypto


Trees: local/main stable/main stable/crypto unstable/crypto unstable/main

Installing Binary Packages

Fink uses the Debian package management utility apt for installing binary packages. If you want to install a binary package, you can select it in FinkCommander and click on the menu item Binary -> Install, or on the leftmost icon in the icon bar. If you want more information about the package first, you can click on Apple-I or the "I" icon while the package is selected.

figure 5
Figure 5. Read more information about the package.

If you choose to install a binary package in FinkCommander, chances are that you'll get the message, "Fink is waiting for a response." FinkCommander communicates with Fink and displays its output in the lower part of its main window. Fink can also ask questions. For example, you might want to install extra required or suggested packages. If so, FinkCommander displays a message asking you to type an answer or select the default answer.

figure 6
Figure 6. Fink is waiting for a response.

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